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Configuring SharePoint 2013 Search Topology on Production Environment


Introduction

When you create Search Service application from central administration , a default search topology will be created automatically where all Search components are assigned to the server which is running the Central Administration but  in multi servers farm scenario you need to change this topology using PowerShell.

Sample Scenario

In the following scenario I’m using 6 search servers. You can change according to your requirement.

  • 2 Front end servers – running the Query Processing component to handle search query requests from user.
  • 4 Back end Servers – running rest of the search components

SearchTopology

Before You Begin

  1. Make sure you have created a Search service application from central admin
  2. Make sure currently logged user is added as admin in Search service application
  3. Make sure index files are empty, Navigate to search service application administration and see Searchable Item appears as 0

Start configuration

Step 1: Prepare the Topology Variables

$hostA = Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity "SERVER1"

$hostB = Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity "SERVER2"

$hostC = Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity "SERVER3"

$hostD = Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity "SERVER4"

$hostE = Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity "SERVER5"

$hostF = Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity "SERVER6"

 

Start-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $hostA

Start-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $hostB

Start-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $hostC

Start-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $hostD

Start-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $hostE

Start-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $hostF

Note: Wait for a while till above instances get started and proceed below to verify status

Step 2: Check Service status

Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $hostA

Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $hostB

Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $hostC

Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $hostD

Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $hostE

Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $hostF
NOTE: Make sure status is online for all instance, then proceed to next

Step3 : Setting up Topology

NOTE: Make sure below mentioned root directory is created manually on all servers including central admin server

$ssa = Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication

$newTopology = New-SPEnterpriseSearchTopology -SearchApplication $ssa

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHADMINCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTA

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHCRAWLCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTA

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHCONTENTPROCESSINGCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTA

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHANALYTICSPROCESSINGCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTA

 

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHADMINCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTB

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHCRAWLCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTB

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHCONTENTPROCESSINGCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTB

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHANALYTICSPROCESSINGCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTB

 

 

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHQUERYPROCESSINGCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTC

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHINDEXCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTC -INDEXPARTITION 0 -RootDirectory “E:\SearchIndex”

 

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHQUERYPROCESSINGCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTD

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHINDEXCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTD -INDEXPARTITION 0 -RootDirectory “E:\SearchIndex”

 

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHQUERYPROCESSINGCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTE

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHINDEXCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTE -INDEXPARTITION 1 -RootDirectory “E:\SearchIndex”

 

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHQUERYPROCESSINGCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTF

NEW-SPENTERPRISESEARCHINDEXCOMPONENT -SEARCHTOPOLOGY $NEWTOPOLOGY -SEARCHSERVICEINSTANCE $HOSTF -INDEXPARTITION 1 -RootDirectory “E:\SearchIndex”

Step 4: Activate The Topology

SET-SPENTERPRISESEARCHTOPOLOGY -IDENTITY $NEWTOPOLOGY

Step 5: Verify the Topology

GET-SPENTERPRISESEARCHTOPOLOGY -SEARCHAPPLICATION $SSA

Step 6 : Verify Each Component

GET-SPENTERPRISESEARCHSTATUS -SEARCHAPPLICATION $SSA -TEXT
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